Volume 3, Issue 2 (December 2017)                   Elderly Health Journal 2017, 3(2): 80-86 | Back to browse issues page


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Nutrition Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
Abstract:   (76 Views)
Introduction: Nutrition is an important determinant of health in the elderly. Older people are more susceptible to malnutrition that leaves adverse effects on their health. This study aimed to evaluate the nutritional status of the community-dwelling elderly in Tabriz City.
 
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted among non- institutionalized older people in Tabriz, Iran. A total of 1041 older adults (506 men and 535 women) were randomly selected based on Probability Proportional to Size sampling method. Data collection and evaluation of nutritional status using Mini Nutritional Assessment Short-Form, were conducted in the participants’ households.
 
Results: Of all participants, 2.5% (CI 95%; 1.7-3.6) suffered from malnutrition, 26.7% (CI 95%; 24.1%-29.5%) were at risk of malnutrition, and 70.8% (CI 95%; 68.0%-73.5%) had normal nutritional status. Malnutrition and risk of malnutrition were more prevalent in elderly women than men (malnutrition: 2.6% vs. 2.4%, risk of malnutrition: 30.3% vs. 22.9%, p = 0.024) and in single than married elderly (3.9% vs. 2.0%, p < 0.001). Moreover, it had an upward trend with increasing age and decreasing educational level.
 
Conclusion: Although most of the elderly people were nutritionally in normal status, a significant proportion were at risk of malnutrition that strengthens the need for designing and implementing appropriate interventions to improve lifestyle and prevent malnutrition in the elderly people.
Full-Text [PDF 1248 kb]   (38 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2017/07/21 | Accepted: 2017/09/28 | Published: 2017/12/27