Volume 4, Issue 2 (December 2018)                   Elderly Health Journal 2018, 4(2): 55-59 | Back to browse issues page


XML Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Jadgal M S, Sadeghi S, Movahed E, Zareeipour M A, davoudi S M. Effect of Education on Physical Activity among the Rural Elderly in Zabol City. Elderly Health Journal. 2018; 4 (2) :55-59
URL: http://ehj.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-114-en.html
Department of Health Education and Promotion, School of Public Health, Zabol University of Medical Sciences, Zabol, Iran , davudisistan@gmail.com
Abstract:   (583 Views)
Introduction: One of the most important causes of chronic diseases in elderly people is lack of physical activity. Studies have shown that lack of physical activity in the elderly causes osteoporosis, obesity, depression and sudden death from cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes and colon cancer. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of an educational intervention on knowledge and practice of physical activity among the rural elderly in Zabol city.
 
Methods: In this semi-experimental study, 200 elderly people over 60 years of age living in rural areas of Zabol city who were selected by multi-stage random sampling were divided into two groups: intervention and control. The data collection instrument was a researcher-made questionnaire that comprised 3 parts: demographic and background variables, knowledge and practice. Before the intervention, the questionnaires were completed by intervention and control group. The educational content for the intervention group was the Healthy Lifestyle Handbook and face-to-face training which included a practical representation of six smooth movements. However, no intervention was performed in the control group. After 2 months, the same questionnaire was completed again and the data were analyzed using SPSS software.
 
Results: Before the intervention, there was no difference in the mean score of knowledge and practice of the participants, but these differences were significant in the post intervention (p < 0.001). The mean of knowledge and practice scores in the control group in pre-intervention stage was 35.17 ± 2.05 and 6.24 ± 2.82, respectively, Which was 35.59 ± 1.82 and 5.91 ± 2.64 in the post-intervention phase, respectively, But the mean score of knowledge and practice in the intervention group in pre intervention stage increased from 35.6 ± 2.47 and 6.73 ± 3.43 to 37.85 ± 1.38, and 12.83 ± 9.09 in the post-intervention phase, respectively.
 
Conclusion: Educational intervention is effective in increasing awareness and overall level of physical activity among the elderly.
Full-Text [PDF 467 kb]   (300 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (392 Views)  
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2018/05/27 | Accepted: 2018/12/1 | Published: 2018/12/29

References
1. De Rezende LFM, Rey-López JP, Matsudo VKR, Do Carmo Luiz O. Sedentary behavior and health outcomes among older adults: a systematic review. Biomedcentral Public Health. 2014; 14(333): 1-9.
2. Owen N, Healy GN, Matthews CE, Dunstan DW. Too much sitting: the population-health science of sedentary behavior. Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews. 2010; 38(3): 105-13.
3. Aghamolaei T, Tavafian SS, Hassani L. Exercise self-efficacy, exercise perceived benefits and barriers among students in Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences. Iranian Journal of Epidemiology. 2009; 4(3,4): 9-15. [Persian]
4. Matthews CE, Chen KY, Freedson PS, Buchowski MS, Beech BM, Pate RR, et al. Amount of time spent in sedentary behaviors in the United States, 2003–2004. American Journal of Epidemiology. 2008; 167(7): 875-81.
5. Shahbazi MR, Mirkhani M, Hatamizadeh N, Rahgozar M. Disability assessments in Tehranian elderly, 2007. Salmand, Iranian Journal of Ageing. 2008; 3(3,4): 84-92. [Persian].
6. Salehi L, Taghdisi M, Ghasemi H, Shokervash B. To Identify the facilitator and barrier factors of physical activity among elderly people in Tehran. Iranian Journal of Epidemiology. 2010; 6(2): 7-15. [Persian].
7. Nejati V, Ashayeri H. Health related quality of life in the elderly in Kashan. Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Clinical Psychology. 2008; 14(1): 56-61. [Persian]
8. Amirzadeh Iranagh J, Motallebi S. The effect of health belief model based on education intervention on physical activity of elderly women. Journal of Urmia Nursing and Midwifery Faculty. 2016; 13(12): 1050-8. [Persian].
9. Hejazi S, Sahbaiee F, Fesharaki M, Abdollahi A. The effect of education about health-promoting behaviors on the knowledge of the elderly in the geriatric nursing residences in Tehran (2009). Journal of Birjand University of Medical Sciences. 2012; 19(1): 114-21. [Persian].
10. Moeini B, Rahimi M, Hazaveie S M, Allahverdi Pour H, Moghim Beigi A, Mohammadfam I. Effect of education based on trans-theoretical model on promoting physical activity and increasing physical work capacity. Journal of Military Medicine. 2010; 12(3): 123-30.
11. Nanbakhsh F, Mohaddesi H, Amirai A, Haji Shafiha M, Broomand F, Bahadori F, et al. The effect of health education on elderly women life quality. Journal of Payavard Salamat. 2011; 5(1): 47-57. [Persian].
12. Sattari B. Studying the social status and health concerning rural elderly using the plan for rural empowering. Salmand, Iranian Journal of Ageing. 2007; 1(2) :132-9. [Persian].
13. Tabatabaei S, Taghdisi M, Sadeghi A, Nakhaei N, Balali F. The effect of education in physical activities on knowledge, attitude and behavior of Kerman health center’s staff. Journal of Research & Health. 2012; 2: 137-44.
14. Seyed Emami R, Eftekhar Ardebili H, Golestan B. Effect of a health education intervention on physical activity knowledge, attitude and behavior in health volunteers. Journal of hayat. 2011; 16(3,4): 48-55. [Persian].
15. Estebsari F. Effects of interventional educational program in physical activity. Journal of Payavard Salamat. 2009; 2(4): 56-63 [Persian].
16. Karimi Z, Majlesi F, Tol A, Rahimi Foroushani A, Sahaf R, Ali Gol M et al. The Effect of educational intervention on the promotion of physical activities of the elderly men in Qom city: application of Trans-Theoretical Model. Salmand Iranian Journal of Ageing. 2015; 10(3): 182-91. [Persian]
17. Dinger MK, Heesch KC, McClary KR. Feasibility of a minimal contact intervention to promote walking among insufficiently active women. American Journal of Health Promotion. 2005; 20(1): 2-6.
18. Hortz B, Petosa R. Impact of the “Planning to be Active” leisure time physical exercise program on rural high school students. Journal of Adolescent Health. 2006; 39(4): 530-5.
19. Hazavehei SMM, Asadi Z, Hassanzadeh A, Shekarchizadeh P. Comparing the effect of two methods of presenting physical education Π course on the attitudes and practices of female students towards regular physical activity in Isfahan University of Medical Sciences. Iranian Journal of Medical Education. 2008; 8(1): 121-31. [Persian].
20. Teymouri PA, Niknami SH, Ghofranipour F. Effects of a school-based intervention on the basis of pender’s health promotion model to improve physical activity among high school girls. Armaghane Danesh Bimonthly Journal. 2007; 12(2): 47-59. [Persian].
21. Sallis JF, Calfas KJ, Nichols JF, Sarkin JA, Johnson MF, Caparosa S, et al. Evaluation of a university course to promote physical activity: Project GRAD. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport. 1999; 70(1): 1-10.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


© 2019 All Rights Reserved | Elderly Health Journal

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb