Volume 4, Issue 2 (December 2018)                   Elderly Health Journal 2018, 4(2): 75-80 | Back to browse issues page


XML Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Ahmadi B, AminiSanii N, Bani F, Bakhtari F. Predictors of Physical Activity in Older Adults in Northwest of Iran. Elderly Health Journal. 2018; 4 (2) :75-80
URL: http://ehj.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-119-en.html
Department of Health Education and Promotion, School of Health, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran , fatemeh.bakhtari@gmail.com
Abstract:   (481 Views)
Introduction: There are strong evidences to support the relation between Physical Activity (PA) and improved health in older adults. So this study aimed to determine the predictors of PA among a group of older adults in northwest of Iran.
 
Methods: In 2016, a randomly sample size of 340 older people in urban regions of Maku, West Azerbaijan, Iran, was recruited to complete Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly (PASE) and individual factors questionnaires.
 
Results: The mean score of PA was 94.02 ± 3.41. Logistic regression analysis showed that age was the strongest predictor of PA; among younger elderly with higher level education, who had less comorbidity were significantly more active than their counterparts. (β = -2.72, SE = 0.47, P- value = 0.001)
 
Conclusion: In this study the level of PA among the older adults was low and interventions to promote PA in this population is recommended.

 
Full-Text [PDF 586 kb]   (171 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (403 Views)  
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2018/06/17 | Accepted: 2018/12/18 | Published: 2018/12/29

References
1. Khazaee-Pool M, Sadeghi R, Majlessi F, Rahimi Foroushani A. Effects of physical exercise programme on happiness among older people. Journal of psychiatric and mental health nursing. 2015; 22(1): 47-57.
2. Sadrollahi A, Hosseinian M, Alavi NM, Khalili Z, Esalatmanesh S. Physical activity patterns in the elderly kashan population. Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal. 2016; 18(6): 1-8.
3. Sun F, Norman IJ, While AE. Physical activity in older people: a systematic review. BioMed Central Public Health. 2013; 13(449): 1-17.
4. Chodzko-Zajko WJ, Proctor DN, Singh MAF, Minson CT, Nigg CR, Salem GJ, et al. Exercise and physical activity for older adults. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. 2009; 41(7): 1510-30.
5. Moran M, Van Cauwenberg J, Hercky-Linnewiel R, Cerin E, Deforche B, Plaut P. Understanding the relationships between the physical environment and physical activity in older adults: a systematic review of qualitative studies. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity. 2014; 11(79): 1-12.
6. Pan SY, Cameron C, DesMeules M, Morrison H, Craig CL, Jiang X. Individual, social, environmental, and physical environmental correlates with physical activity among Canadians: a cross-sectional study. BioMed Central Public Health. 2009; 9(21): 1-12.
7. Yi X, Pope Z, Gao Z, Wang S, Pan F, Yan J, et al. Associations between individual and environmental factors and habitual physical activity among older Chinese adults: A social–ecological perspective. Journal of Sport and Health Science. 2016; 5(3): 315-21.
8. Ishii K, Shibata A, Oka K. Environmental, psychological, and social influences on physical activity among Japanese adults: structural equation modeling analysis. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity. 2010; 7(61): 1-8.
9. Gellert P, Witham MD, Crombie IK, Donnan PT, McMurdo ME, Sniehotta FF. The role of perceived barriers and objectively measured physical activity in adults aged 65–100. Age and Ageing. 2015;44(3):384-90.
10. Ethisan P, Somrongthong R, Ahmed J, Kumar R, Chapman RS. Factors related to physical activity among the elderly population in rural thailand. Journal Prim Care Community Health. 2017; 8(2): 71-6.
11. Florindo AA, Hallal PC, Moura ECd, Malta DC. Practice of physical activities and associated factors in adults, Brazil, 2006. Revista de Saude Publica. 2009; 43: 65-73.
12. Statistical Center of Iran. Selection of the results of the Population and Housing Census [Internet]. Iran: Statistical Center of Iran: 2012. Available from: http://www.amar.org.ir/
13. Eshaghi SR, Shahsanai A, Ardakani MM. Assessment of the Physical Activity of Elderly Population of Isfahan, Iran. Journal of Isfahan Medical School. 2011; 29(147): 939-46. [Persian]
14. Motefaker M, Sadrbafghi MS, Rafiee M, Bahadorzadeh L, Namayandeh SM, Karimi M, et al. Suicepidemiology of physical activity: a population based study in Yazd cityide attempt and its relation to stressors and supportive systems: a study in Karaj city. Tehran University Medical Journal. 2007; 65(4): 77-81. [Persian]
15. Salehi L, Tagdisi MH, Gasemi H, Shekarvash B. To identify the facilitator and barrier factors of physical activity among elderly people in Tehran. Iranian Journal of Epidemiology. 2010; 6(2): 7-15. [Persian]
16. Borji M, Motaghi M. The relationship between physical activity, social support and Fatigue Severity of elderly Ilam in 2016. Iran Journal Rehabilitation Research in Nursing. 2017; 3(4): 50-7. [Persian]
17. Fisher KL, Harrison EL, Bruner BG, Lawson JA, Reeder BA, Ashworth NL, et al. Predictors of physical activity levels in community-dwelling older adults: a multivariate approach based on a socio-ecological framework. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity. 2018; 26(1): 114-20.
18. Bakhtri Aghdam F, Baghiani Moghaddam MH, Asghari Jafarabadi M, Allahverdipour H, Dabagh Nikookheslat S, Noorizadeh R. Explaining the role of personal, social and physical environment factors on employed women's physical activity: a structural equation analysis. Global Journal of Health Science. 2013; 5(4): 189-99.
19. Bakhtari Aghdam F, Sahranavard H, Jahangiry L, Asghari M. The effect of a physical activity intervention on sedentary behavior in female teachers: a randomized, controlled trial. Health Scope. 2016; 7(1): 1-8.
20. Washburn RA, Smith KW, Jette AM, Janney CA. The physical activity scale for the elderly (PASE): development and evaluation. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology. 1993; 46(2): 153-62.
21. Dunlop DD, Song J, Semanik PA, Sharma L, Chang RW. Physical activity levels and functional performance in the osteoarthritis initiative: a graded relationship. Arthritis & Rheumatism. 2011; 63(1): 127-36.
22. Alqarni AM, Vennu V, Alshammari SA, Bindawas SM. cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the arabic version of the physical activity scale for the elderly among community-dwelling older adults in saudi Arabia. Clinical Interventions in Aging. 2018; 13: 419-27.
23. Ishaghi R, Mahmoudian SA, Asgarian R, Sohrabi A. Effect of faith-based education on physical activity on the elderly. Iranian Journal of Medical Education. 2011; 10(5): 1281-8. [Persian]
24. Shiraly R, Shayan Z, Keshtkar V, Hamed M. Self-reported factors associated with engagement in moderate to vigorous physical activity among elderly people: a population-based study. International Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2017; 8(26).
25. Souza AM, Fillenbaum GG, Blay SL. Prevalence and correlates of physical inactivity among older adults in Rio grande do Sul, Brazil. PloS One. 2015; 10(2).
26. Imani A, Dastgiri S, Azizi A. Population aging and burden of diseases ( review study). Health Image. 2015; 6(2): 54-61. [Persian]
27. Momenan A, Delshad M, Mirmiran P, Ghanbarian A, Safarkhani M, Azizi F. Physical inactivity and related factors in an adult Tehranian population (Tehran lipid and glucose study). Iranian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism. 2012; 13(5): 493-503. [Persian]
28. Layne AS, Hsu F-C, Blair SN, Chen S-H, Dungan J, Fielding RA, et al. Predictors of change in physical function in older adults in response to long-term, structured physical activity: the life study. Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation. 2017;98(1):11-24.
29. 29. Mourao AR, Novais FV, Andreoni S, Ramos LR. Physical activity in the older adults related to commuting and leisure, Maceió, Brazil. Revista de Saude Publica. 2013; 47(6): 1112-22.
30. 30. Vagetti GC, Barbosa Filho VC, Moreira NB, de Oliveira V, Mazzardo O, de Campos W. The prevalence and correlates of meeting the current physical activity for health guidelines in older people: a cross-sectional study in Brazilian women. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics. 2013; 56(3): 492-500.
31. 31. Mooney SJ, Joshi S, Cerdá M, Quinn JW, Beard JR, Kennedy GJ, et al. Patterns of physical activity among older adults in New York City: a latent class approach. American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2015; 49(3): 13-22.
32. Murtagh EM, Murphy MH, Murphy NM, Woods C, Nevill AM, Lane A. Prevalence and correlates of physical inactivity in community-dwelling older adults in Ireland. PloS One. 2015; 10(2): e0118293.
33. McKee G, Kearney PM, Kenny RA. The factors associated with self-reported physical activity in older adults living in the community. Age and Ageing. 2015; 44(4): 586-92.
34. Shaw BA, Spokane LS. Examining the association between education level and physical activity changes during early old age. Journal of Aging and Health. 2008; 20(7): 767-87.
35. Jenkins KR, Fultz NH. The relationship of older adults' activities and body mass index. Journal of Aging and Health. 2008; 20(2): 217-34.
36. Nicklas BJ, Beavers DP, Mihalko SL, Miller GD, Loeser RF, Messier SP. Relationship of objectively-measured habitual physical activity to chronic inflammation and fatigue in middle-aged and older adults. The Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biomedical Sciences and Medical Sciences. 2016; 71(11): 1437-43.
37. Moschny A, Platen P, Klaassen-Mielke R, Trampisch U, Hinrichs T. Barriers to physical activity in older adults in Germany: a cross-sectional study. The International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity. 2011; 8(1): 121.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA code

Send email to the article author


© 2019 All Rights Reserved | Elderly Health Journal

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb