Volume 5, Issue 2 (December 2019)                   Elderly Health Journal 2019, 5(2): 65-71 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Morowatisharifabad M A, Bahram A H, Bidaki R, Namayandeh S M. Comparison of Knowledge and Attitude of Health Care Providers towards Aging Phenomenon in Yazd and Hamadan, Iran. Elderly Health Journal. 2019; 5 (2) :65-71
URL: http://ehj.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-124-en.html
Department of Ageing Health, School of Public Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran , ah.bahram1368@gmail.com
Abstract:   (140 Views)
Introduction: Health care providers play a central role as the main members of the health care service providers team for the elderly and their knowledge and attitudes towards the aging phenomenon can play an important role in the quality of health care services provision for the elderly. Therefore, the present study aims to comparatively investigate knowledge and attitude of health care providers about the aging phenomenon in comprehensive health centers of Yazd and Hamadan, Iran.
Methods: The cross-sectional study conducted on 220 health care providers who were enrolled in the study from comprehensive health centers in Yazd and Hamadan by cluster sampling. The data were collected by a questionnaire including demographic information, Kogan's attitude towards old people scale, and Palmore Facts on Aging Quiz .Data were analyzed by SPSS using descriptive statistics, independent t-test, ANOVA, and Pearson correlation coefficient.
Results: Mean score of knowledge about aging (range: 0-25) was 12.24 ± 2.43 in Yazd and 12.17 ± 2.51 in Hamadan. Mean score of attitude towards aging (range: 34-204) was 121.49 ± 10.53 in Yazd and 119.40 ± 11.21 in Hamadan. There was no statistically significant difference in knowledge (p = 0.828) and its three dimensions (misconceptions about aging, psychosocial status and physical condition), and attitude (p = 0.152) and its three levels (negative, neutral and positive attitude) between health care providers in Yazd and Hamadan. There was a significant, positive correlation between knowledge and attitude in both Yazd (p < 0.01, r = 0.656) and Hamadan (p < 0.01, r = 0.718).
Conclusion: The knowledge of health care providers in both cities was moderate and had positive attitude towards aging. Considering the moderate knowledge of health care providers about the aging, effective steps can be taken to promote knowledge and improve the attitudes of health care providers by providing educational curricula on physical, psychological, social and spiritual health of the elderly people and holding in-service training programs.
Full-Text [PDF 742 kb]   (69 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (58 Views)  
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2018/09/11 | Accepted: 2019/09/14 | Published: 2019/12/29

1. Forooghan M, Amanian D, Hosseini MA. The effect of the training program about management of elders’ common problems on the level of job stress in caregivers of nursing homes. Journal of Research Development in Nursing and Midwifery. 2013; 10(2): 54-62. [Persian]
2. Gharanjik A, Mohammadi Shahbolaghi F, Ansari G, Najafi F, Ghaderi S, Ashrafi K, et al. The prevalence of depression in older Turkmen adults in 2010. Salmand Iranian Journal of Ageing. 2011; 6(3): 34-9. [Persian]
3. Fakhrzadeh H, Sharifi F. Cardiovascular diseases in the elderly. Journal of Gorgan University of Medical Sciences. 2012; 14(3):1-9. [Persian]
4. Adkins DM, Mayhew SL, Gavaza P, Rahman S. Pharmacy students’ attitudes toward geriatric nursing home patients. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education. 2012; 76(5): 1-6.
5. Purfarzad Z, Ghamari zadre Z, Farmahini farahani M, Ghorbani M. Teachers and student nurses’ attitudes towards caring for older adults in Arak, 2012. Journal of Clinical Nursing and Midwifery. 2014; 3(2): 46-56. [Persian]
6. Mellor P, Chew D, Greenhill J. Nurses’attitudes toward elderly people and knowledge of gerontic care in a multi-purpose health service(MPHS). The Australian Journal of Advanced Nursing. 2007; 24(4): 37-41.
7. Rathnayake S, Athukorala Y, Siop S. Attitudes toward and willingness to work with older people among undergraduate nursing students in a public university in Sri Lanka: A cross sectional study. Nurse Education Today. 2016; 36: 439-44.
8. Asayesh H, Qorbani M, Parvaresh Masoud M, Rahmani Anarki H, Ansari H, Mansourian M, et al. General practitioner attitude toward elders: using Kogan's attitudes questionnaire. Iranian Journal of Diabetes and Metabolism. 2014; 13(6): 479-86. [Persian]
9. Ravanipour M, Dadaeen A, Jahanpour F, Husseini S. Measuring nurses' knowledge about the facts of aging period in educational hospitals of Bushehr in 2012 .Journal of Geriatric Nursing. 2015; 1(2): 55-67. [Persian]
10. Bleijenberg N. Dutch nursing students’ knowledge and attitudes towards older people- a longitudinal cohort study. Journal of Nursing Education and Practice. 2012; 2(2): 1-8.
11. Hanson RM. 'Is elderly care affected by nurse attitudes?' A systematic review. British Journal of Nursing. 2014; 23(4): 225-9.
12. Statistical Centre of Iran. Statistical Yearbook of the Islamic Republic of Iran 2016 [Internet]. Iran: Statistical Center of Iran: 2017. Available from: https://www.amar.org.ir/english/Iran-Statistical Yearbook/ Statistical-Yearbook-2016-2017
13. Askarzadeh mahany M, Arab M, Alizadeh M, Haghdust A. Nurses' knowledge about aging and attitudes toward older people. Iran Journal Of Nursing. 2008; 21(55): 19-27. [Persian]
14. Kogan N. Attitudes toward old people in an older sample. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology. 1961; 62(3): 616-22.
15. Erdemir F, Kav S, Citak E, Hanoglu Z, Karahan A. A Turkish version of Kogan’s attitude toward older people (KAOP) scale: reliability and validity assessment. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics. 2011; 52(3): 162-5.
16. Lambrinou E, Sourtzi P, Kalokerinou A, Lemonidou C. Attitudes and knowledge of the Greek nursing students towards older people. Nurse Education Today. 2009; 29(6): 617-22.
17. Ghorbani A, Karimzadeh T, Azadmanesh Y. Nutritional assessment in elderly hospitalized patients in Qazvin teaching hospitals in 2011. Salmand Iranian Journal of Ageing. 2013; 8(1): 33-40. [Persian]
18. Ryan A, Melby V, Mitchell L. An evaluation of the effectiveness of an educational and experimental intervention on nursing students’ attitudes towards older people. International Journal of Older People Nursing. 2007; 2(2): 93-101.
19. Reje N, Heravi-Karimooi M, Montazeri A, Foroughan M, Vaismoradi M. Psychometric properties of the Iranian version of the Kogan's Attitudes Toward Older People Scale. Japan Journal of Nursing Science. 2012; 9(2): 216-22.
20. Palmore E. Facts on aging: a short quiz. The Gerontologist. 1977; 17(4): 315-20.
21. Reje N, Heravi Karimooi M, Montazeri A, forooghan M. Psychometric of persion version questionnaire of knowledge about facts of aging(FAQI). Paiesh Journal. 2011; 2(11): 246-51. [Persian]
22. Liu Z, Pu L, Wang H, Hu X. Survey of attitude towards and understanding of the elderly amongst Chinese undergraduate medical students. Asian Biomedicine. 2014; 8(5): 615-22.
23. Forouzandeh S, Foroughan M, Hosseini MA, Farhadi A, Biglarian A. The relationship of nursing home caregivers’ awareness and attitude towards elderlies with their job. Journal of North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences. 2018; 9(3): 445-52. [Persian]
24. Tabiei Sh, Saadatjoo SA, Hoseinian SZ, Naseri MS, Eisanejad L, Ghotbi M, et al. Nurses` knowledge and attitude towards care delivery to the aged with cardiovascular diseases. Modern Care Journal (Scientific Quarterly of Birjand Nursing & Midwifery Faculty). 2010; 7(3): 41-7. [Persian]
25. Celik SS, Kapucu S, Tuna Z, Akkus A. Views and attitudes of nursing students towards ageing and older patients. Australian Journal of Advanced Nursing. 2010; 27(4): 24-30.
26. Boduroglu A, Yoon C, Luo T, Park DC. Age-related stereotypes: A comparison of American and Chinese cultures. Gerontology. 2006; 52(5): 324-33.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

© 2020 All Rights Reserved | Elderly Health Journal

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb