Volume 5, Issue 2 (December 2019)                   Elderly Health Journal 2019, 5(2): 72-78 | Back to browse issues page

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Mohammadian Z, Rajabi R, Minoonejad H, Samadzade A. Effect of a 6-Week Balance Training Program with Shuttle Balance on Balance, Gait Speed, and Fear of Falling in Elderlies. Elderly Health Journal. 2019; 5 (2) :72-78
URL: http://ehj.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-129-en.html
Department of Health and Sport Medicine, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran , Zahra.md70@gmail.com
Abstract:   (2058 Views)
Introduction: Falls are considered as the major health problem in ageing and the damages caused by falls (such as fractures, disability, heavy costs on government and family, and death) are the major concern of the World Health Organization. So, determination of risk factors and specific ways to prevent falls in the elderlies are of great importance. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a six-week shuttle balance exercises on balance, gait speed, and risk of falling in elderlies.
Methods: This ranomised controlled trial study was conducted with the pre-test and post-test design among the elderlies in Tehran, Iran. To conduct the study, 30 healthy men and women older adulth were randomly divided into the experimental (n = 16)  and control (n = 14) groups. Members of the experimental group participated in the six-week exercise program, which was held in three 90-minute sessions per week. The intervention involved five exercises conducted in presence of the researcher. Data were collected using the valid and reliable instruments of Berg Balance Scale, Timed Up and Go Test, and the Falls Efficacy Scale Intrnational. Data were analyzed by independent t-test, paired sample t-test, and analysis of covariance at the significance level of 95% using SPSS 19.
Results: The study findings showed that balance training with shuttle balance improved the participants' balance, gait speed, and fear of falling significantly (p < 0.05).
Conclusion: The six-week balance exercises with shuttle balance improved the participants' walking gait and reduced the risk of falling in elders. These results highlight the beneficial effects of shuttle balance over other devices, such as more security, adjustability of height in chair arms, and possibility to enhance its exercise programs. Therefore, balance shuttle can be applied to improve balance, increase gait speed, and reduce falling risk in elderlies.
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Type of Study: case report | Subject: General
Received: 2018/11/14 | Accepted: 2019/12/28 | Published: 2019/12/29

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