Volume 5, Issue 2 (December 2019)                   Elderly Health Journal 2019, 5(2): 79-83 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Sharifi S, Heidari Z, Bromand S, Binayi N, Keshvari M. The Relationship between Sleep Quality and Quality of Life of Retired Elders. Elderly Health Journal. 2019; 5 (2) :79-83
URL: http://ehj.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-134-en.html
Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran , keshvari@med.mui.ac.ir
Abstract:   (808 Views)
Introduction: Survey about the issues and problems related to elderly in order to improve their Quality Of Life (QOL) of this increasing population has become a universal concern. Even though aging is a natural process but many effective factors such as rest and sleep pattern can affect this process. So this study aimed to determine the relationship between sleep quality and QOL of the retried elderly members of Isfahan retirement center
Methods: This descriptive-analytic study was done on 192 retired older adults were referred to Isfahan retirement center by simple random sampling. The information collected via demographic variables, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and Elderly Quality of Life Questionnaire (LIPAD). Finally the data analysis by software SPSS 21 and descriptive statistical tests, Pearson correlation coefficient, t-test and ANOVA.
Results: The results showed that the mean score of sleep quality in the elderly was 6.63 ± 3.41 (range 0-21), which show their sleep quality were poor. The mean score of their QOL were 61.15 ± 9.97 (range 0-93). In addition there were significant and positive correlations between sleep quality and QOL and its dimensions in the retried elderly (p < 0.05).
Conclusion: The findings of this study suggest that poor sleep quality in retired elderly people is associated with lack of QOL. Therefore, paying attention to this issue is important in health supporting programs.
Full-Text [PDF 455 kb]   (189 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (135 Views)  
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2018/11/27 | Accepted: 2019/11/27 | Published: 2019/12/29

1. Statistical Center of Iran. Population of the country in terms of sex in urban and rural areas by province; (Persian) [Internet]. 2016 [Cited 2017 July 28]. Available from: https://www.amar.org.ir/Portals/0/census/1395/results/tables/jamiat/tafsili/kol/1-jamiat.xls
2. Léger D, Poursain B, Neubauer D, Uchiyama M. An international survey of sleeping problems in the general population. Current Medical Research and Opinion. 2008; 24(1): 307-17.
3. Reid KJ, Martinovich Z, Finkel S, Statsinger J, Golden R, Harter K, et al. Sleep: a marker of physical and mental health in the elderly. The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry. 2006; 14(10): 860-6.
4. Ohayon MM, Carskadon MA, Guilleminault C, Vitiello MV. Meta-analysis of quantitative sleep parameters from childhood to old age in healthy individuals: developing normative sleep values across the human lifespan. Sleep. 2002; 27(7): 1255–73.
5. Cotroneo A, Gareri P, Lacava R, Cabodi S. Use of zolpidem in over 75-year-old patients with sleep disorders and comorbidities. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Supplement. 2004; 11(9): 93-6.
6. Izadi F, Adib M, Afazel MR. Quality of sleep and it's related factors in the hospitalized elderly patients of Kashan hospitals in 2007. Feyz. 2009; 12(4): 52-60. [Persian]
7. Phillips DT. Relationships between sleep quality, perceived cognition, and quality of life in older adults [PhD thesis]. California: North central University; 2006.
8. Mokhtari F, Ghasemi N. Comparison of elderly's “quality of life and mental health living in nursing homes and members of retired club of Shiraz city”. Salmand: Iranian Journal of Ageing. 2011; 5 (4): 53-63. [Persian]
9. Wu HC, Lai JN, Hwang JS. Quality of life and sleep quality amongst climacteric women seeking medical advice in Northern Taiwan. Sleep Medicine. 2012; 13(7): 906-12.
10. Kord A, Moosavi S, Masooleh SH, Behnampoor N. Assessment of the correlation between lifestyle and quality of sleep in elderly who referred to retirement center in Rasht, 2007. Journal of Holistic Nursing and Midwifery. 2007; 17(2): 15-22. [Persian]
11. Lo CM, Lee PH. Prevalence and impacts of poor sleep on quality of life and associated factors of good sleepers in a sample of older Chinese adults. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes. 2012; 10(72): 1-7.
12. Najimi A, Moazemi Goudarzi A. Healthy lifestyle of the elderly: a cross-sectional study. Journal of Health System Research . 2012; 8(4):581-87. Persian
13. Buysse DJ, Reynolds CFI, Monk TH, Berman SR, Kupfer DJ. The Pittsburgh sleep quality index: a new instrument for psychiatric practice and research. Psychiatry Research 1989; 28: 193-213
14. Ahmadi S, Khankeh H, Mohammadi F, Fallahi M, Reza Soltani P. The effect of sleep restriction treatment on quality of sleep in the elders. Salmand: Iranian Journal of Ageing. 2010; 5 (2): 7-15. [Persian]
15. De Leo D, Diekstra FW, Lonnqvist J, Trabucchi M, Cleiren H P D, Giovani B, et al. LEIPAD , An internationally applicable instrument to access quality of life in elderly. Behavioral Medicine. 1998, 24(1): 17-29.
16. Hesamzadeh A, Maddah SB, Mohammadi F, Fallahi Khoshknab M, Rahgozar M. Comparison of elderly's "quality of life" living at homes and in private or public nursing homes. Salmand: Iranian Journal of Ageing. 2010; 4 (4): 66-74. [Persian]
17. Sajadi H, Biglarian A. Quality of life among elderly women in Kahrizak charity foundation, Tehran, Iran. Payesh. 2007. 6(2): 105-108. [Persian]
18. Hsu H, Lin M. Exploring quality of sleep and its related factors among menopausal women. The Journal of Nursing Research. 2005; 13 (2): 153-64.
19. Onji IM, Bagheri HA, Afazel MR. Sleep quality and its related factors in inpatient elderly of Kashan Hospitals in 2006. Feyz Journal. 2008; 12 (4): 107-12. [Persian]
20. Lee TW, Ko IS, Lee KJ. Health promotion behaviors and quality of life among community dwelling elderly in Korea: a cross-sectional survey. International Journal of Nursing Studies. 2006; 43(3): 293-300.
21. Nosratabadi M, Saber M. Social support and health-related quality of life in elderly people covered by the Welfare organization of Kerman city. Health & Development Journal. 2014; 3(3): 189-199. [Persian]
22. Habibi Sola A, Nikpour S, Sohbatzadeh R, Haghani H. Quality of life in elderly people of west of Tehran. Iranian Journal of Nursing Research. 2008. 2(7): 29-35. [Persian]
23. Ribeiro Do Valle C, Valle E, Valle L, Alves Fior C. Quality of life and sleep disorders in elderly. Sleep Medicine. 2013; 14(1):291.
24. Şenol V, Soyuer F, Argün M. Quality of life of elderly nursing home residents and its correlates in Kayseri. A descriptive-analytical design: A cross-sectional study. Health. 2013; 5(2): 212-21.
25. Ancoli-Israel S, Cooke JR. Prevalence and comorbidity of insomnia and effect on functioning in elderly populations. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society. 2005; 53(7): 264–71.
26. Avidan AY. Sleep disorders in the older patient. Primary Care .2005; 32(2), 563–86.
27. Nejati V, Ashayeri H. Health-related quality of life among elderly in Kashan. Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Clinical Psychology. 2008, 14(1): 56-61. [Persian]
28. Rezaeipandari H, Morowatisharifabad MA, Hashemi SJ, Bahrevar V. Sleep quality among older adults in Mehriz, Yazd province, Iran. Elderly Health Journal. 2015; 1(1): 5-11.
29. Li J, Dong Q, Liu JJ, Dong YH, Yang LS, Ye DQ, Huang F. Sleep and quality of life among rural elderly in Anhui province. Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi. 2010; 31(4): 405-8.
30. De Belvis AG, Avolio M, Spagnolo A, Damiani G, Sicuro L, Cicchetti A, et al. Factors associated with health-related quality of life: the role of social relationships among the elderly in an Italian region. Public Health. 2008; 122(8): 784-93
31. Mohaqeqi Kamal H, Sajadi H, Zare H, Beiglarian A. Elderly quality of life: a comparison between pensioners of social security organization and national retirement fund (Qom County, 2006). Journal of Health Administration. 2007; 10(27): 49-56

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

© 2020 All Rights Reserved | Elderly Health Journal

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb