Volume 8, Issue 1 (June 2022)                   Elderly Health Journal 2022, 8(1): 49-55 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Haghani M, Mandegari Z, Dehghani Tafti A, Nasiriyani K, Entezari A. The Effect of Teaching Fundamentals of Geriatric Life on Nurses' Knowledge and Attitudes toward Aging. Elderly Health Journal. 2022; 8 (1) :49-55
URL: http://ehj.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-183-en.html
Department of Anesthesia and Operation Room, School of Paramedical Sciences, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical sciences, Yazd, Iran , ahentezari@gmail.com
Abstract:   (144 Views)
Introduction: Nurses are always involved with caring for elderly patients. They need to increase their knowledge and skills in the field of aging to provide effective care to elderly patients. Moreover, attitudes of nurses affect the quality of care for elderly people. Some interventions such as education are effective tools for improving nurses' knowledge and attitudes to better understand the problems of the elderly. The present study aims at determining the effect of teaching fundamentals of geriatric life on nurses' knowledge and attitudes toward aging.
Methods: This was a quasi-experimental, pretest-posttest with control group study. It was performed on 91 nurses working in Meybod (44 nurses) and Ardakan Hospitals (47 nurses). Training sessions on fundamentals of geriatric life were conducted for the experimental group. The training program consisted of five training sessions in the field of geriatrics . Data collection instruments included: Palmore's Facts on Aging Quiz, and Kogan's Attitude Toward Older People Scale, which were completed three times before, immediately after, and two months after the intervention for both groups. 
Results: There was no significant difference in knowledge between the two groups before the intervention (p = 0.792). Yet, the knowledge score immediately and two months after the intervention showed a significant difference between the experimental and control groups (p > 0.01). The mean score of attitude before intervention was no significant difference between groups (p = 0.069). However, there was a significant difference in attitude score immediately and two months after the intervention between the experimental and control groups (p > 0.01).
Conclusion: Teaching fundamentals of geriatric nursing to nurses improved their knowledge and attitudes toward the problems and needs of the elderls. Using retraining courses in the field of aging is recommended for nurses.
Full-Text [PDF 234 kb]   (77 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (55 Views)  
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2019/12/31 | Accepted: 2022/05/29 | Published: 2022/06/29

1. Hosseini Seresht A, Nasiri Ziba F, Kermani A, Hosseini F. Assesment of nursing students and clinial nurses' attitude toward elderly care. Iran Journal of Nursing. 2006; 19(45): 57-67. [Persian]
2. Sum S, Emamian S, Sefidchian A. Aging educational program to reduce ageism: Intergenerational approach. Elderly Health Journal. 2016; 2(1): 33-8.
3. Mateos-Nozal J, Beard JR. Global approaches to geriatrics in medical education. European Geriatric Medicine. 2011; 2(2): 87-92.
4. Dadgaran I, Mansourghanaei R. Implementation and Evaluation of Community health education through service learning in the elderly sanitarium. Research in Medical Education. 2013; 4(2): 9-16. [Persian]
5. Morowatisharifabad MA, Bahram AH, Bidaki R, Namayandeh SM. Comparison of knowledge and attitude of health care providers towards aging phenomenon in Yazd and Hamadan, Iran. Elderly Health Journal. 2019; 5(2): 65-71.
6. Ghasemi S, Keshavarz Mohammadi N, Mohammadi Shahboulaghi F, Ramezankhani A. A critical review of studies on health needs assessment of elderly in the world. Elderly Health Journal. 2017; 3(1): 1-9.
7. Evripidou M, Charalambous A, Middleton N, Papastavrou E. Nurses’ knowledge and attitudes about dementia care: systematic literature review. Perspectives in Psychiatric Care. 2018; 55(1): 48-60.
8. Zenhari N, Foroughan M, Hosseini MA, Karimloo M, Farhadi A. The effects of storytelling on knowledge and attitude toward aging and caring for aged among caregivers working at nursing homes. Journal of Health Promotion Management. 2016; 5(6): 19-26.
9. McKinlay A, Cowan S. Student nurses’ attitudes towards working with older patients. Journal of Advanced Nursing. 2003; 43(3): 298-309.
10. Sharafi H, Khonji A, Rooshenas Z, Rezaei F. The attitude of nurses working in educational hospitals of Bandar Abbas University of Medical Sciences toward the elderly -2017. Development Strategies in Medical Education. 2018; 5(1): 34-41.
11. Mohtashamy M. Assessment of the knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP), of nurses regarding care of elderly patients (Tehran 1993). Iran Journal of Nursing. 1996; 10(14 & 15): 90-7. [Persian]
12. Kareshki H, Rooh Parvar E, Zyghmynzhad F, Garavand H. The role of religious orientation in attitudes toward the elderly among students of clinical psychology, theology, medicine and nursing. Middle Eastern Journal of Disability Studies. 2014; 4(1): 40-9. [Persian]
13. Artishedar A, Gasemi M, Aghajamaat M, Ghahremani Z. Attitudes toward elderly among nurses working in medical-surgical wards in Zanjan hospitals, 2012. Preventive Care in Nursing & Midwifery Journal. 2015; 4(2): 81-90. [Persian]
14. Almquist E, Stein S, Weiner A, Linn MW. Evaluation of continuing education for long-term care personnel: impact upon attitudes and knowledge. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society. 1981; 29(3): 117-22.
15. Rejeh N, Heravi-Karimooi M, Montazeri A, Foroughan M. Psychometric properties of the Iranian version of the Facts on Aging Quiz (FAQI). Payesh (Health Monitor). 2012; 11(2): 245-51.
16. Özer ZC, Terkeş N. Evaluation of nursing student's attitudes towards ageism in Turkey. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences. 2016; 116: 2512-5.
17. Nolan M, Davies S, Brown J, Wilkinson A, Warnes T, McKee K, et al. The role of education and training in achieving change in care homes: a literature review. Journal of Research in Nursing. 2008; 13(5): 411-33.
18. Liu YE, Norman IJ, While AE. Nurses’ attitudes towards older people: A systematic review. International Journal of Nursing Studies. 2013; 50(9): 1271-82.
19. Palmore E. The facts on aging quiz: a review of findings. The Gerontologist. 1980; 6(2): 669-72.
20. Adib-Hajbagheri M; Mohamadghasabi M; Alavi Masoodi N. Effect of an elderly care program on nursing students' attitudes toward the elderly. Salmand: Iranian Journal of Ageing. 2014; 9 (3):189-96. [Persian]
21. Asayesh H, Qorbani M, Parvaresh Masoud M, Rahmani Anarki H, Ansari H, Mansourian M, et al. General practitioner attitude toward elders: using Kogan's attitudes questionnaire. Iranian Journal of Diabetes and Lipid Disorders. 2014; 13(6): 479-86. [Persian]
22. Kogan N. Attitudes toward old people: the development of a scale and an examination of correlates. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology. 1961; 62(1): 44-54.
23. Yen CH, Liao WC, Chen YR, Kao MC, Lee MC, Wang CC. A Chinese version of Kogan's attitude toward older people scale: reliability and validity assessment. International Journal of Nursing Studies. 2009; 46(1): 38-44.
24. Erdemir F, Kav S, Citak EA, Hanoglu Z, Karahan A. A Turkish version of Kogan's attitude toward older people (KAOP) scale: reliability and validity assessment. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics. 2011; 52(3): 162-5.
25. Alquwez N, Cruz JP, Almazan JU, Alamri MS, Mesde JJ. The Arabic version of the Kogan Attitudes toward Older People Scale among Saudi nursing students: a psychometric analysis. Annals of Saudi Medicine. 2018; 38(6): 399-407.
26. Kogan N. Attitudes toward old people in an older sample. The Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology. 1961; 62(3): 616-22.
27. Frouzandeh S, Foroughan M, Hosseini MA, Farhadi A, Biglarian A. The relationship of nursing home caregivers’ awareness and attitude towards elderlies with their job. Journal of North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences. 2018; 9(3): 445-52.
28. Ravanipour M, Dadaeen A, Jahanpour F, Husseini S. Measuring nurses' knowledge about the facts of aging period in educational hospitals of Bushehr in 2012. Journal of Geriatric Nursing. 2015; 1(2): 55-68. [Persian]
29. Elebiary H, Elshenewy H, Abulazm S. Knowledge and attitudes of nurses toward caring of elderly people in health care sittings. Journal of Nursing and Health Science. 2018; 7(3): 76-84.
30. 30. Oyetunde MO, Ojo OO, Ojewale LY. Nurses' attitude towards the care of the elderly: Implications for gerontological nursing training. Journal of Nursing Education and Practice. 2013; 3(7): 150-8.
31. Mellor P, Chew D, Greenhill JA. Nurses' attitudes toward elderly people and knowledge of gerontic care in a multipurpose health service (MPHS). The Australian Journal of Advanced Nursing : a Quarterly Publication of the Royal Australian Nursing Federation. 2007; 24(4): 37-41.
32. Richardson B, Kitchen G, Livingston G. The effect of education on knowledge and management of elder abuse: a randomized controlled trial. Age and Ageing. 2002; 31(5): 335-41.
33. Thomson M, Burke K. A nursing assistant training program in a long term care setting. Gerontology & Geriatrics Education. 1998; 19(1): 23-35.
34. Hamedanizadeh F, Mottahedian Tabrizi E, Sarhangi F, Zigheymat F. A study of attitude among nurses to nursing care of old patients. Kowsar Medical Journal. 2008; 13(3): 253-8. [Persian]
35. Goodridge D, Johnston P, Thomson M. Impact of a nursing assistant training program on job performance, attitudes, and relationships with residents. Educational Gerontology. 1997; 23(1): 37-51.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2022 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Elderly Health Journal

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb