Volume 10, Issue 1 (June 2024)                   Elderly Health Journal 2024, 10(1): 14-19 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Khalili Z, Jafarizadeh M, Mohammadi S, Molaei B, Ebrahimi Belil F. Neglect in Nursing Homes: Prevalence and Risk Factors. Elderly Health Journal 2024; 10 (1) :14-19
URL: http://ehj.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-308-en.html
Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil, Iran , sara.1381@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (64 Views)
Introduction: Neglect refers to the failure to meet the needs and well-being of elderly individuals. This can include inadequate care by responsible caregivers or a lack of essential necessities such as food, water, shelter, personal hygiene, medication, comfort, and safety. Despite the prevalence of neglect, no studies have specifically investigated its occurrence and related factors among elderly residents in nursing homes in Iran. In this study, we aimed to address this gap by examining neglect among older adults covered by state welfare centers in Ardabil city (Iran) in 2020.
Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional analytical study involving 130 older people in Ardabil, located in northwestern Iran. Our data collection tool consisted of a two-part questionnaire: one section focused on demographic information and the Elder Neglect Checklist. Participants were selected through a census from older adults residing in nursing homes. Data analysis was performed using SPSS software (version 22).
Results: Among the 130 participants, 56 (43.08%) were male, and 74 (56.92%) were female. The overall prevalence of neglect was 39.2%. Dental problems were the most common type of neglect (36.2%), followed by neglect related to providing a healthy environment (24.6%). Additionally, our findings revealed significant associations between neglect and marital status (p = 0.001), previous occupation (p = 0.002), and a history of illness (p = 0.046).
Conclusion: The study highlights a concerning rate of neglect among elderly individuals, posing serious risks to their health and security. To address this issue, health and welfare officials, along with nursing homes, should implement necessary measures to improve the well-being of older adults and align with international standards.

Corresponding Author:  Fatemeh Ebrahimi Belil
View Orcid in Profile
You can search for this author in PubMed     Google Scholar Profile
Keywords: Neglect, Aged, Elder Abuse
Full-Text [PDF 453 kb]   (30 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (21 Views)  
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2024/03/9 | Accepted: 2024/06/9 | Published: 2024/06/21

1. Chand M, Markova G. The European :union:'s aging population: Challenges for human resource management. Thunderbird International Business Review. 2019; 61(3): 519-29.
2. Mehri N, Messkoub M, Kunkel S. Trends, determinants and the implications of population aging in Iran. Ageing International. 2020; 45(4): 327-43.
3. Beadle JN, De la Vega CE. Impact of aging on empathy: review of psychological and neural mechanisms. Frontiers in Psychiatry. 2019; 10: 1-13.
4. Barakat MM, Elattar NF, Zaki HN. Depression, anxiety and loneliness among elderly living in geriatric homes. American Journal of Nursing Research. 2019; 7(4): 400-11.
5. Vinarski-Peretz H, Halperin D. Family care in our aging society: Policy, legislation and intergenerational relations: The case of Israel. Journal of Family and Economic Issues. 2022; 43(1): 187-203.
6. Kulakçı Altıntas H, Korkmaz Aslan G. Prevalence of elder abuse among community-dwelling older adults in Turkey and its associated factors. Psychogeriatrics. 2020; 20(1): 3-10.
7. 7. Moon A. Elder abuse and neglect among the Korean elderly in the United States. In: Understanding elder abuse in minority populations. Routledge; 2021. p. 109-18.
8. Piri N, Tanjani PT, Khodkarim S, Etemad K. Domestic elder abuse and associated factors in elderly women in Tehran, Iran. Epidemiology and Health. 2018; 40: 1-7.
9. Weissberger GH, Goodman MC, Mosqueda L, Schoen J, Nguyen AL, Wilber KH, et al. Elder abuse characteristics based on calls to the National Center on elder abuse resource line. Journal of Applied Gerontology. 2020; 39(10): 1078-87.
10. Myhre J, Saga S, Malmedal W, Ostaszkiewicz J, Nakrem S. Elder abuse and neglect: an overlooked patient safety issue. A focus group study of nursing home leaders’ perceptions of elder abuse and neglect. BMC Health Services Research. 2020; 20: 1-14.
11. Aslan H, Erci B. The incidence and influencing factors of elder abuse and neglect. Journal of Public Health. 2020; 28: 525-33.
12. Yu M, Gu L, Jiao W, Xia H, Wang W. Predictors of self-neglect among community-dwelling older adults living alone in China. Geriatric Nursing. 2019; 40(5): 457-62.
13. Mazzotti MC, Fais P, Amadasi A, Pelletti G, Giovannini E, Giorgetti A, et al. When the hidden issue of elder abuse leads to death: do not neglect elder neglect. The American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology. 2022; 43(1): 60-5.
14. Hazrati M, Mashayekh M, Sharifi N, Motalebi SA. Screening for domestic abuse and its relationship with demographic variables among elderly individuals referred to primary health care centers of Shiraz in 2018. BMC Geriatrics. 2020; 20(1): 1-8.
15. Acharya SR, Suman B, Pahari S, Shin YC, Moon DH. Prevalence of abuse among the elderly population of Syangja, Nepal. BMC Public Health. 2021; 21(1): 1-9.
16. Botngård A, Eide A, Mosqueda L, Malmedal W. Elder abuse in Norwegian nursing homes: a cross-sectional exploratory study. BMC Health Services Research. 2020; 20(1): 1-12.
17. Heravi-Karimooi M, Rejeh N, Foroughan M, Ebadi A. Designing and determining psychometric properties of the Elder Neglect Checklist. Iranian Journal of Ageing. 2013; 8(3): 25-34. [Persian]
18. Havreng-Théry C, Giner-Perot J, Zawieja P, Bertin-Hugault F, Belmin J, Rothan-Tondeur M. Expectations and needs of families in nursing homes: an integrative review. Medical Care Research and Review. 2021; 78(4): 311-25.
19. Storey JE. Risk factors for elder abuse and neglect: A review of the literature. Aggression and Violent Behavior. 2020; 50: 101339.
20. Khalili Z, Taghadosi M, Gilasi H, Sadrollahi A. The prevalence of elder abuse and associated factors among the elderly in Kashan city, Iran. Journal of Basic Research in Medical Sciences. 2016; 3(2): 26-34.
21. Molaei M, Etemad K, Taheri Tanjani P. Prevalence of elder abuse in Iran: a systematic review and meta analysis. Iranian Journal of Ageing. 2017; 12(2): 242-53. [Persian]
22. Brijoux T, Neise M, Zank S. Elder abuse in the oldest old: prevalence, risk factors and consequences. Zeitschrift für Gerontologie und Geriatrie. 2021; 54(2): 132-7.
23. Du P, Chen Y. Prevalence of elder abuse and victim-related risk factors during the COVID-19 pandemic in China. BMC Public Health. 2021; 21(1): 1-10.
24. Nemati R, khalili Z, Gholipour F. Investigation of the structural standards of nursing homes in Ardabil Province, in 2021. Journal of Health and Care. 2021; 23(3): 223-30.
25. Saga S, Blekken LE, Nakrem S, Sandmoe A. Relatives’ experiences with abuse and neglect in Norwegian nursing homes. A qualitative study. BMC Health Services Research. 2021; 21(1): 1-14.
26. Oveissi S, Fadayevatan R, Ghanbari-Boroujeni M, Hatamabadi H. Prevalence of abuse and neglect in Iranian elderly population. Journal of Safety Promotion and Injury Prevention. 2021; 8(4): 1-18. [Persian]
27. Sudan A, Shahi P, Julka D. Prevalence of abuse in elders with psychiatric morbidity and its sociodemographic association. Cureus. 2020; 12(4): 1-6.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2024 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Elderly Health Journal

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb